Posts Tagged ‘Martir de Angleria’

Important developments in American and Indian natural history during 16-17th centuries

Posted in Blogs (Articles) on February 19th, 2013 by Rajesh Kochhar – Be the first to comment

Rajesh Kochhar

For details see the following reference. This Table however does not appear in the paper.

Kochhar R 2012 Early natural history: contributions from the Americas and India.  J Biosciences 37 937-947.

DOI 10.1007/s12038-012-9272-9

Period            Person(s)


1511-1530Pedro Martir de Angleria (1457-1526)Publishes information on some New World drugs
1526, 1535Oviedo (1478-1557)Describes more than 250 American animal and plants
1533Padua University appoints a professor of botany
1545Padua University establishes a botanic garden
1552Martin de la Cruz / Juan BadianoPrepares/ translates  a digest on Aztec healthcare practices and herbs, known as Codex Barberini, Latin, 241
1555Laguna (c. 1510- 1559)Mentions some New World drugs in his commentary on Dioscorides’ Materia Medica
1563Garcia d’Orta (1501/2-1568)Colloquies published in Portuguese from Goa. Includes first ever publication of Camoes’ work
1565-1574Nicolas Bautista Monardes (c. 1493-1588)Various  editions of  his work on American drugs, including tobacco, in Spanish
1567Clusius (1526-1609)Latin abridgement of d’Orta
1570-1577Francisco Hernandez (1515-1587)Royal Spanish Mission to America; influential manuscript, not published in entirety.
1574Clusius(1526-1609)Translates Monardes into Latin
1578-1580Bernardino de Sahagun (1499-1590)Influential manuscript Florentine Codex on Aztec natural history etc.
1578Christobal Acosta (c. 1514-1594)Extends d’Orta’s work in his Tracado
1582Clusius (1526-1609)Prepares composite natural history combining d’Orta, Monardes and C. Acosta.
1590Jose de Acosta (1540-1600)Historia Natural y Moral de las Indias  gives valuable information on the flora of Western South America
1628Johannes Faber (1574-1629)Animalia Mexicana
1630Johannes de Laet (1581-1649)New edition of Nieuwe Wereldt  incorporates information on American materia medica for sailors/ merchants
1651Federico Cesi (1585-1634)Cesi and others complete the encyclopedic work Rerum, with Hernandez as the nucleus.
1678Hendrik Adriaan van Rheede (1636–1691)Hortus Indicus Malabaricus published from Amsterdam
1686-1692Hendrik Adriaan van Rheede (1636–1691)12-volume Hortus Malabaricus FaceBook maxweb Twitter maxweb linkedin maxweb googleplus maxweb facebook facebook ChandigarhCity.Info facebook facebook