Tag Archives: Garcia d’Orta

Important developments in American and Indian natural history during 16-17th centuries

Rajesh Kochhar

For details see the following reference. This Table however does not appear in the paper.

http://www.ias.ac.in/jbiosci/dec2012/937.pdf

Kochhar R 2012 Early natural history: contributions from the Americas and India.  J Biosciences 37 937-947.

DOI 10.1007/s12038-012-9272-9

Period             Person(s)

Work

1511-1530 Pedro Martir de Angleria (1457-1526) Publishes information on some New World drugs
1526, 1535 Oviedo (1478-1557) Describes more than 250 American animal and plants
1533 Padua University appoints a professor of botany
1545 Padua University establishes a botanic garden
1552 Martin de la Cruz / Juan Badiano Prepares/ translates  a digest on Aztec healthcare practices and herbs, known as Codex Barberini, Latin, 241
1555 Laguna (c. 1510- 1559) Mentions some New World drugs in his commentary on Dioscorides’ Materia Medica
1563 Garcia d’Orta (1501/2-1568) Colloquies published in Portuguese from Goa. Includes first ever publication of Camoes’ work
1565-1574 Nicolas Bautista Monardes (c. 1493-1588) Various  editions of  his work on American drugs, including tobacco, in Spanish
1567 Clusius (1526-1609) Latin abridgement of d’Orta
1570-1577 Francisco Hernandez (1515-1587) Royal Spanish Mission to America; influential manuscript, not published in entirety.
1574 Clusius(1526-1609) Translates Monardes into Latin
1578-1580 Bernardino de Sahagun (1499-1590) Influential manuscript Florentine Codex on Aztec natural history etc.
1578 Christobal Acosta (c. 1514-1594) Extends d’Orta’s work in his Tracado
1582 Clusius (1526-1609) Prepares composite natural history combining d’Orta, Monardes and C. Acosta.
1590 Jose de Acosta (1540-1600) Historia Natural y Moral de las Indias  gives valuable information on the flora of Western South America
1628 Johannes Faber (1574-1629) Animalia Mexicana
1630 Johannes de Laet (1581-1649) New edition of Nieuwe Wereldt  incorporates information on American materia medica for sailors/ merchants
1651 Federico Cesi (1585-1634) Cesi and others complete the encyclopedic work Rerum, with Hernandez as the nucleus.
1678 Hendrik Adriaan van Rheede (1636–1691) Hortus Indicus Malabaricus published from Amsterdam
1686-1692 Hendrik Adriaan van Rheede (1636–1691) 12-volume Hortus Malabaricus

Early modern natural history: Contributions from the Americas and India

Rajesh Kochhar (2012) Journal of Biosciences, Vol. 37, No. 6 ( Dec.) pp. 937-947

DOI 10.1007/s12038-012-9272-9

The early success of its oceanic voyages brought contrary pulls to bear on Europe, with the practical needs of the hour standing in contradistinction to the age-old religious authority, sectarian antagonism and the recovered Greco-Roman intellectual tradition. How in course of time the former triumphed over the latter in the case of natural history is an interesting and instructive line of enquiry. This article examines in some detail how the Materia Medica of the Americas and India were incorporated into the European mainstream.

http://www.ias.ac.in/jbiosci/dec2012/937.pdf